Los mosquitos (Diptera: Culicidae) y su importancia en Venezuela | The mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) And their importance in Venezuela

Irma Fátima Agrela Da Silva

Resumen


Los mosquitos son responsables de la transmisión de varias enfermedades que afectan la salud de la población venezolana. El aumento en la incidencia de la malaria y la emergencia de enfermedades como el chikungunya y Zika hacen necesario la implementación de medidas de control que disminuyan el impacto de estas enfermedades en Venezuela. Para ello es indispensable el conocimiento de los aspectos relacionados con su morfología, bioecología y las características que hacen posible la participación de los mosquitos en la transmisión de estas enfermedades. El propósito de esta revisión fue describir estos aspectos.

 

ABSTRACT

 Mosquitoes are responsible for the transmission of various diseases that affect the health of the Venezuelan population. The increase in the incidence of malaria and the emergence of diseases such as chikungunya and Zika make it necessary to implement control measures to reduce the impact of these diseases in Venezuela. To do this, it is essential to know the aspects related to their morphology, bioecology and the characteristics that make possible the participation of mosquitoes in the transmission of these diseases. The purpose of this review is to describe these aspects.


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